These days a lot of children as they grow find that their permanent teeth are not growing in the right position. There are many reasons for this but one should remember that this type of situation is preventable & treatable. Orthodontics is a branch of dentistry which corrects teeth and jaws that are positioned improperly. Crooked teeth and teeth that do not fit together correctly are harder to keep clean, are at risk of being lost early due to tooth decay and periodontal disease, and cause extra stress on the chewing muscles that can lead to headaches, TMJ syndrome and neck, shoulder and back pain. Teeth that are crooked & not in the right place can also detract from one’s appearance. The benefits of orthodontic treatment include a healthier mouth, a more pleasing appearance and teeth that are more likely to last a lifetime.
Orthodontic treatment can start as early as 7-8 years depending on the severity of the abnormality. At this age Myo-functional appliances are given to correct the jaw growth discrepancies & to correct the oral habits. Adult braces are quite common these days as people who for some reasons were unable to wear the braces in childhood or adolescence can now smile with confidence!
There are a few options available which have been discussed below:
Types of braces:
> Traditional Metal Braces
Traditional metal braces are the most common type of braces and are more comfortable today than ever before. Made of high-grade stainless steel, metal braces straighten your teeth using metal brackets and arch-wires. With metal braces, you have the option of adding colored elastics (rubber bands) for a more unique and colorful smile. These are the cheapest of all the types.
> Ceramic Braces
Ceramic braces are made of clear materials and are therefore less visible on your teeth than metal braces. For this reason, ceramic braces are used mainly on older teenagers and adult patients who have cosmetic concerns. While they are visually less prominent, they do require more attention to oral hygiene as ceramic braces are larger and are more brittle than their metal counterparts. These braces are slightly more expensive than the metal braces.
> Lingual Braces
Lingual braces are hidden behind the teeth and are therefore “invisible” when you smile. Lingual braces are 100% customized to match the shape of your teeth and therefore the metal appliances are created uniquely for you. Lingual braces are a very reasonable option for athletes, models, actors/actresses, musicians who play wind instruments, and adult professionals. We take pride as the first ones to introduce this technique in the region. These braces are more expensive than the above two types.
Invisalign/Clearpath use a series of invisible, removable, and comfortable aligners to straighten your teeth. Not only are the aligners invisible, they are removable, so you can eat and drink what you want while in treatment, plus brushing and flossing are less of a hassle. The aligners are comfortable and have no metal to cause mouth abrasions during treatment. These types of braces are the most expensive of the treatment options.